Piese de Henrik Ibsen

An Enemy of the People Text disponibil online
Suntem într-un oraş a cărui prosperitate este strâns legată de complexul balnear şi în care primăriţa Stockmann este prinsă între Consiliul Investitorilor de la complexul balnear şi adevărul relevat de medicul balneolog al băilor, Martha Stockmann : apa cu care oamenii se tratează este contaminată. Se închid băile sau nu? Cine îşi asumă costurile şi riscurile? Presa locală, reprezentată de Hovstad, jurnalista în căutarea adevărului, şi Aslaksen , proprietara ziarului şi a tipografiei, trebuie să facă o alegere: dezvăluie sau muşamalizează? Martha rămâne singură, aşa cum rămân de obicei cei ce spun adevărul cu orice preţ.
Casa cu papusi Text disponibil online
Femeie inteligentă și soție devotată, dar care fusese tratată toată viața doar ca o păpușă răsfățată, Nora își dă seama că nu este apreciată pentru ea ca persoană, ci doar pentru imaginea pe care i-o atribuia soțul ei. În urma unor discuții din care reiese nemulțumirea soțului față de spiritul ei de independență și dorind să-și poată manifesta liber personalitatea, Nora își părăsește căminul.
Catiline Text disponibil online
The main character in this historical drama is the noble Roman Lucius Catilina, based on the historical figure of Catiline. He is torn between two women, his wife Aurelia and the Vestal virgin Furia.
Doamna înger din Ustraat Text disponibil online
nspired by the life of Inger, Lady of Austraat. The play reflects the birth of Romantic Nationalism in the Norway of that period, and had a strongly anti-Danish sentiment. It centers on the Scandinavia of 1510–1540 as the Kalmar Union collapsed, the impacts of the Reformation were becoming evident in Norway, and a last desperate struggle was being mounted to maintain Norwegian independence. Its initial sentiments were so strongly anti-Danish that Ibsen ultimately toned them down.
Femeia marii Text disponibil online
This symbolic play is centred around a lady called Ellida. She is the daughter of a lighthouse-keeper, and grew up where the fjord met the open sea; she loves the sea. She is married to Doctor Wangel, a doctor in a small town in West Norway (in the mountains). He has two daughters (Bolette and Hilde) by his previous wife (widowed), and he and Ellida had a son who died as a baby. This put big strains on the marriage. Wangel, fearing for Ellida’s mental health, has invited up Arnholm, Bolette’s former tutor and now the headmaster of a school, in hope that he can help Ellida. However, Arnholm thinks that it is Bolette waiting for him and he proposes. She agrees to marry her former teacher, because she sees this as her only opportunity to get out into the world. Some years earlier Ellida was deeply in love and engaged to a sailor, but because he murdered his captain he had to escape. Nevertheless, he asked her to wait for him to come and fetch her. She tried to break the engagement but he had too great a hold over her. The sailor then returns all these years later to claim her. However she then has to choose between her love or her husband. Dr Wangel finally recognizes her freedom to choose since he understands that he has no other options. This goes in his favour as she then chooses him. The play ends with the sailor leaving and Ellida and Wangel taking up their lives together again.
Ghosts Text disponibil online
Într-o societate încremenită în fixisme puritane și egoiste, o mamă iubitoare trăiește drama de a fi nevoită să-i dezvăluie fiului un adevăr rușinos pe care îl ascunsese cu grijă întreaga viață: acela că tatăl lui, în ciuda aparențelor, este un om josnic și desfrânat. Din păcate și fiul moștenește aceleași trăsături de caracter.
Hedda Gabler Text disponibil online
O femeie comună, cu nimic excepțională, prinsă într-o căsătorie fără dragoste, este total nemulțumită de viața ei. Ea caută extraordinarul, are pretenții exagerate de la cei din jur și nu face decât să genereze ea însăși nemulțumirea acestora.
John Gabriel Borkman Text disponibil online
The Borkman family fortunes have been brought low by the imprisonment of John Gabriel who used his position as a bank manager to speculate with his investors' money. The action of the play takes place eight years after Borkman's release when John Gabriel Borkman, Mrs. Borkman, and her twin sister Ella Rentheim fight over young Erhart Borkman's future.
Împărat şi Galilean (Kejser og Galilæer)
Piesa este despre împăratul roman Iulian Apostatul și se petrece între anii 351-363, perioadă conflictuală între creștinism și elenism. Deși este crescut ca un creștin, Iulian are îndoieli despre religie, merge la Atena să studieze și, în cele din urmă, renunță la crștinism și redevine adeptul vechilor zei: Apollo, Cybele și Dionysos Cu toate că, ajuns împărat permite libertatea religoasă a tuturor cetățenilor, datorită atitudinii sale este privit ca un antichrist și este ucis de un fost prieten.
Little Eyolf Text disponibil online
The story of the Allmer family. At the outset of the play, the father, Alfred, has just returned from a trip to the mountains. While there, he resolved to focus foremost on raising his son Eyolf, rather than continue work on his book, Human Responsibility. Eyolf is paralyzed in one of his legs, and thus his life is a sheltered one. He craves more than anything else to live the life of a normal boy, but his father knows that this is not possible. As such, Alfred wants to turn Eyolf towards loftier, intellectual pursuits.
Love's Comedy Text disponibil online
Two students – Falk and Lind – are staying at the country house of Mrs. Halm, romancing her two daughters Anna and Svanhild. Lind has ambitions to be a missionary, Falk a great poet. Falk criticises bourgeois society in his verse and insists that we live in the passionate moment. Lind’s proposal of marriage to Anna is accepted, but Svanhild rejects the chance to become Falk’s muse, as poetry is merely writing, and he can do that on his own and without really risking himself for his beliefs.
Olaf Liljekrans Text disponibil online
Peer Gynt
Peer Gynt is the son of the once highly regarded Jon Gynt. Jon Gynt spent all his money on feasting and living lavishly, and had to go from his farm as a wandering salesman, leaving his wife and son behind in debt. Åse, the mother, wished to raise her son to restore the lost fortune of his father, but Peer is soon to be considered useless. He is a poet and a braggart, not unlike the youngest son from Norwegian fairy tales, the "Ash Lad", with whom he shares some characteristics.
Pillars of Society Text disponibil online
Karsten Bernick is the dominant businessman in a small coastal town in Norway, with interests in shipping and shipbuilding in a long-established family firm. Now he is planning his most ambitious project yet, backing a railway which will connect the town to the main line and open a fertile valley which he has been secretly buying up. Suddenly his past explodes on him. Johan Tønnesen, his wife's younger brother comes back from America to the town he ran away from 15 years ago. At the time it was thought he had run off with money from the Bernick family business and with the urge to avoid scandal because he was having an affair with an actress. But none of this was true. He left town to take the blame for Bernick, who was the one who had actually been having the affair and was nearly caught with the actress. There was no money to take since at the time the Bernick firm had been almost bankrupt.
Rosmersholm Text disponibil online
the theme of the play is social and political change, in which the traditional ruling classes relinquish their right to impose their ideals on the rest of society, but the action is entirely personal, resting on the conduct of the immoral, or amoral, "free thinking" heroine, Rebecca, who sets herself to undermine Rosmer's religious and political beliefs because of his influential position in the community. Rebecca has abandoned not only Christianity but, unlike Rosmer, she has abandoned the whole ethical system of Christianity as well. Possibly she may be taken as Ibsen's answer to the question of whether or not Christian ethics can be expected to survive the death of the Christian religion.
The Feast at Solhoug Text disponibil online
The play opens on the day of the feast celebrating the third wedding anniversary of the wedding of Bengt Guateson and Margit. Erik of Hogge, a friend of Knut Gesling, the King's sheriff, and Knut himself are seeking permission for Knut to marry Margit's sister, Signe. Knut, a warlike man, is advised that he must demonstrate peaceful ways for a year before Margit will support the marriage. They are invited to the feast, under pledge that they will be peaceful that night. They depart to look for Margit's kinsman, Gudmund Alfson, who they know to be outlawed and suspect to be nearby. Once they depart and her husband leaves, Margit speaks of her regret in marrying Bengt Gauteson, even though he was a wealthy older landowner. Gudmund Alfson arrives. Margit, who has loved him since he departed three years earlier, treats him poorly until she realizes that, although once close to the king, he has been outlawed and is on the run. She then dreams of marrying him and obtains poison to administer to Bengt. Meanwhile Gudmund speaks to Signe, who has grown up since he last saw her, expressing his love.
The Master Builder Text disponibil online
Halvard Solness is the middle-aged Master Builder of a small town in Norway who has become a successful architect of some distinction and local reputation. One day while having a visit from his friend Doctor Herdal, Solness is visited by Hilde Wangel, a young woman of twenty-four from another town whom the doctor promptly recognizes from a recent trip. Soon after the Doctor leaves and Solness is alone with Hilde, she reminds him that they are not strangers and that they had previously met in her home town ten years ago when she was fourteen years of age. When Solness does not respond to her quickly enough she reminds him that at one point he had made advances upon her, offered a romantic interlude, and promised her "castles in the sky" during their encounter, which she believed. He denies this and she gradually convinces him, however, that she can assist him with his household duties and he takes her into his home.
The Vikings of Helgeland Text disponibil online
The plot take place during the time of Erik Blood-axe (c. 930–934) in the north of Norway in historic Helgeland, a time in which Norwegian society was adjusting from the tradition of Old Norse Sagas to the new era of Christianity. It concerns the arrival of Ornulf, who with his 7 sons is seeking his daughter, Dagny, and foster-daughter, Hjordis, who were abducted and married by Sigurd and Gunnar, respectively. Tragedy compounded by conceptions of honour and duty lead to the deaths of all of Ornulf's sons, Sigurd (who is killed by Hjordis), and Hjordis (by suicide). The plot is reminiscent of the Germanic myth of Sigmund and Brynhilde.
The Warrior's Barrow Text disponibil online
In the center of the scene a huge barrow upon which is a monument decked... But are the warriors of the South less fierce?
Rața sălbatecă (Vildanden) Fragment disponibil online
Cei din jur profită de bunătatea lui Hjalmar - un om talentat, dornic să inventeze ceva - și îl tratează cu dispreț și îl mint. Are revelația acestei situații doar când descoperă din întâmplare că a avut o căsătorie de paravan, iar copilul pe care îl credea al său este de fapt al boierului căruia îi era recunoscător că îl ajută financiar, credea el, dezinteresat.
When We Dead Awaken Text disponibil online
Irene, o tânără fată este îndrăgostită de sculptorul căruia îi servește drept model. Pentru că este de părere că o relație cu fata ar fi în detrimentul operei sale, acesta refuză să aibă o relație cu ea. Dar odată cu terminarea sculpturii, el rămâne secătuit și nu va mai crea nici o operă. Peste ani, când o reîntâlnește pe Irene, regretă greșeala din tinerețe și dă o șansă acestei iubiri.

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Henrik Ibsen

Henrik Ibsen s-a nascut la data de 20 martie 1828 in Skien, Norvegia.

HENRI IBSEN Henrik Ibsen (n. 20 martie 1828 - d. 23 mai 1906) dramaturg norvegian, considerat părintele teatrului modern european, unul dintre reprezentanţii d e seamă ai dramei de idei din literatura mondială.
După o adolescenţă marcată de destrămarea familiei, a lucrat ca regizor la teatrul din Bergan. Obţinând o bursă de studii în Germania, a fost influenţat de Søren ierkegaard. Respins şi neînţeles în propria ţară, Ibsen a trăit timp de 27 de ani în străinatate, în Italia şiGermania , în principal la Roma, revenind la Oslo în anii 1890. Paradoxal, după o viaţă petrecută în exil, a primit funeralii de stat. Faima sa este aceea a unui realist care a înlocuit restricţiile piesele "bine -făcute" ale epocii sale cu drame "naturaliste" scrise în limbajul cotidian, cum ar fi "O casă de păpuşi" (1879).



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